CAUSE OF WEIGHT GAIN
Obesity has a strong genetic component. Children of obese parents are much more likely to become obese than children of lean parents. That doesn’t mean that obesity is completely predetermined. What you eat can have a major effect on which genes are expressed and which are not.
Non-industrialized societies rapidly become obese when they start eating a typical Western diet. Their genes didn’t change, but the environment and the signals they sent to their genes did. Put simply, genetic components do affect your susceptibility to gaining weight. Studies on identical twins demonstrate this very well
Heavily processed foods are often little more than refined ingredients mixed with additives. These products are designed to be cheap, last long on the shelf and taste so incredibly good that they are hard to resist. By making foods as tasty as possible, food manufacturers are trying to increase sales. But they also promote overeating. Most processed foods today don’t resemble whole foods at all. These are highly engineered products, designed to get people hooked.
Many sugar-sweetened, high-fat junk foods stimulate the reward centers in your brain. In fact, these foods are often compared to commonly abused drugs like alcohol, cocaine, nicotine and cannabis. Junk foods can cause addiction in susceptible individuals. These people lose control over their eating behavior, similar to people struggling with alcohol addiction losing control over their drinking behavior. Addiction is a complex issue that can be very difficult to overcome. When you become addicted to something, you lose your freedom of choice and the biochemistry in your brain starts calling the shots for you.
Insulin is a very important hormone that regulates energy storage, among other things. One of its functions is to tell fat cells to store fat and to hold on to the fat they already carry. The Western diet promotes insulin resistance in many overweight and obese individuals. This elevates insulin levels all over the body, causing energy to get stored in fat cells instead of being available for use.
While insulin’s role in obesity is controversial, several studies suggest that high insulin levels have a causal role in the development of obesity. One of the best ways to lower your insulin is to cut back on simple or refined carbohydrates while increasing fiber intake. This usually leads to an automatic reduction in calorie intake and effortless weight loss no calorie counting or portion control needed
Added sugar may be the single worst aspect of the modern diet. That’s because sugar changes the hormones and biochemistry of your body when consumed in excess. This, in turn, contributes to weight gain. Added sugar is half glucose, half fructose. People get glucose from a variety of foods, including starches, but the majority of fructose comes from added sugar. Excess fructose intake may cause insulin resistance and elevated insulin levels. It also doesn’t promote satiety in the same way glucose does. For all these reasons, sugar contributes to increased energy storage and, ultimately, obesity.
THE NEED FOR WEIGHT LOSS
Exercising regularly will be of great benefit to people with some underlining health challenge like obesity, type-2 diabetes as well as high blood pressure by regulating the movement of flow of blood round the body.
Considerable attention has been focused on the association between body weight and health. An article published in Health Reports identified a number of chronic conditions that were associated with being overweight. These included asthma, arthritis, back problems, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, thyroid problems, activity limitations, repetitive strain injuries and depression. For obese individuals, additional health risks included heart disease, urinary incontinence, ulcers and bowel disorders. In addition, the literature includes well-documented links between obesity and increased mortality and morbidity due to hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, stroke, gallstones, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, cancer (e.g. of the colon, breast, endometrium, gall bladder), menstrual abnormalities, impaired fertility and increased pregnancy risk. There is no question that the risks associated with being overweight or obese are grave and need to be addressed in health reform policies
Obesity is a significant health problem all over the world for all ages. Genetics can play a role in the possibility that a person will become obese, the condition occurs when the amount of calories consumed exceeds the amount of calories expended over a long period of time. The more you exercise, the easier it is to keep your weight under control. Excess calories are stored as fat in the body, and with long-term caloric excess, an individual eventually becomes obese.
THE EFFECT OF HEALTH EDUCATION ON FITNESS AND WELLNESS
The increasing westernization, urbanization and mechanization occurring in most countries around the world; there is series of health education undergraduate project topics promoting health and well around the globe. The message has always been centered on the feeding style among people irrespective of age.
One of the diseases that health education can help solve includes; obesity, diabetes and removal of toxins from the body so as to promote fitness and wellness. Even in many low income countries, obesity is now rapidly increasing, and often coexists in the same population with chronic under nutrition. Life expectancy has increased due to advancement in nutrition, hygiene and the control of infectious disease. Infectious diseases and nutrient deficiency diseases are, therefore, being replaced in developing countries by new threats to the health of populations like obesity, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. However many people seem to think that weight gain and obesity are caused by a lack of willpower. That’s not entirely true. Although weight gain is largely a result of eating behavior and lifestyle, some people are at a disadvantage when it comes to controlling their eating habits. The thing is, overeating is driven by various biological factors like genetics and hormones. Certain people are simply predisposed to gaining weight. Of course, people can overcome their genetic disadvantages by changing their lifestyle and behavior. Lifestyle changes require willpower, dedication and perseverance.
Weight loss will achieve most effectively when we follow a cardiovascular exercise of moderate intensity activity accumulated over 5-7 days per week. Eating a healthy diet are ways in which to combat obesity. Treatment of obesity by reducing calorie intake, despite having a good success rate in promoting initial weight-loss, has a generally poor outcome for long-term weight control.
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