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In the modern world today, functional education provides the basic instrument for gainful employment, personality progress, economic prosperity, and development moral built up, and positive interpersonal relationships; while lack of its signifies ignorance, underdevelopment, maladjustment, crime, poverty, frustration, among others. Effective teaching may be unavoidable without functional instructional materials to enhance innovative production in modern fields such as science and technology, among others.
Education is the focal point to a country genuine growth and development for every Nigerian child in whatever moral, mental, emotional, psychological and condition of health. The teachers, who are to implement the curriculum, are also expected to use a wide range and quality instructional materials for effective and efficient teaching and learning classroom activities. Instructional materials are essential tools in learning every subject in the school curriculum. They allow the students to interact with words, symbols and ideas in ways that develop their abilities in reading, listening, solving, viewing, thinking, speaking, writing, using media and technology. Instructional materials are print and non-print items that are designed to impact information to students in the educational process. Instructional materials include items such as prints, textbooks, magazines, newspapers, slides, pictures, workbooks, electronic media, among others.
Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. Meditation is practiced in numerous religious traditions. Meditation may significantly reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and pain, and enhance peace, perception, self-concept, and well-being.
Meditation has been practiced for thousands of years. Meditation originally was meant to help deepen understanding of the sacred and mystical forces of life. These days, meditation is commonly used for relaxation and stress reduction.
Meditation is considered a type of mind-body complementary medicine. Meditation can produce a deep state of relaxation and a tranquil mind.
During meditation, you focus your attention and eliminate the stream of jumbled thoughts that may be crowding your mind and causing stress. This process may result in enhanced physical and emotional well-being.
THE NEED FOR MEDITATION
Meditation can give you a sense of calm, peace and balance that can benefit both your emotional well-being and your overall health. And these benefits don't end when your meditation session ends. Meditation can help carry you more calmly through your day and may help you manage symptoms of certain medical conditions.
Meditation Reduces stress
Stress reduction is one of the most common reasons people try meditation. Normally, mental and physical stress cause increased levels of the stress hormone cortisol. This produces many of the harmful effects of stress, such as the release of inflammatory chemicals called cytokines. These effects can disrupt sleep, promote depression and anxiety, increase blood pressure, and contribute to fatigue and cloudy thinking. A meditation style called “mindfulness meditation” reduced the inflammation response caused by stress. Furthermore, meditation may also improve symptoms of stress-related conditions, including irritable bowel syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder, and fibromyalgia.
Meditation Controls anxietyMeditation can reduce stress levels, which translates to less anxiety.
Also, mindfulness meditation helped reduce anxiety symptoms in people with generalized anxiety disorder, along with increasing positive self-statements and improving stress reactivity and coping.
Meditation sharpens your memory
Apart from enhancing your happiness and improving your overall well-being, meditation also helps your memory stay sharp and your concentration remain steady. With mindfulness meditation, you train in remaining aware of the present moment in a non-judgmental manner. Consequently, distractions are less and less likely to sweep you away.
Meditation Improve self-esteem and self-awarenessMindfulness meditation encourages you to slow down, allows for deeper self-reflection, and can help you discover positive attributes about yourself.
Mindfulness helps increase self-awareness by increasing the ability to examine one's thoughts and feelings without judgment, which ends up improving self-esteem.
Instructional materials, also known as teaching/learning materials, are any collection of materials including animate and inanimate objects and human and non-human resources that a teacher may use in teaching and learning situations to help achieve desired learning objectives.
Instructional materials play a very important role in the teaching-learning process the availabilities of textbook, appropriate chalkboard, Mathematics kits, Science kit, teaching guide, science guide, audio-visual aids, overhead projector, among others are the important instructional material.
Instructional materials are those materials used by a teacher to simplify their teaching. They include both visual and audio-visual aids and could either be concrete or non-concrete. These instructional materials bring life to learning by stimulating students to learn.
Furthermore, instructional Materials are any item or element which a tutor uses to deliver the best teaching experience. They can be human or non-human resources like lectures, readings, textbooks, multimedia components, and other resources. Instructional materials help home tutors provide excellent educational services.
Academic achievement or academic performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals. Completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor's degrees represent academic achievement.
Academic performance is the measurement of student achievement across various academic subjects. Teachers and education officials typically measure achievement using classroom performance, graduation rates and results from standardized tests.
Academic achievement is important for the successful development of young people in society. Students who do well in school are better able to make the transition into adulthood and to achieve occupational and economic success.
MEDITATION, INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
Learning is a multidimensional and dynamic process requiring a stress free, and relaxed environment. Flooding of mind with unnecessary thoughts which causes hindrance to learning process should be eliminated. Students’ attention and interest need to be at the maximum level to make optimum use of his learning pot. Body-mind techniques, relaxation techniques and methods of meditation have been found to reduce stress and anxiety, improve attention span, memory and cognitive functions. Meditation has been utilized for improvement of health and well-being although the effects have been found to be inconsistent. There is some evidence accumulating in literature that meditation could positively influence memory and help medical students in reducing stress. All these observed effects could be important for improving learning process. Some meditation techniques require intensive training and longer duration; hence cannot be practiced into the regular classroom teaching. However, there are some simpler techniques that could be incorporated in the classroom environment just before a learning session to help students reduce distractions and focus on the learning sessions.
Meditation is helpful in the moment of learning and also in more future-focused skills. By maintaining a calmer view of the present, students are able to improve their study habits, planning, and organizational skills through meditation. However, given that meditation benefits a wide variety of cognitive processes in both the short and long term, educators worldwide have begun to utilize meditation as a learning tool for students across a wide variety of age and education levels.
Introducing meditation in the classroom also produces other student benefits beyond grade increases, including greater student interest in topics related to meditation, mindfulness, and self-regulation, and greater understanding.
In conclusion, meditation and the use of instructional materials have beneficial effects on students’ performance and also other factors like relaxation, improved memorization and attention. It makes the learning environment fun filled and productive.
Finally, meditation has shown enhancements in cognitive, physiological, and neurological functioning with meditation training.